Вып. 1(41), 2016

UDC 504.5:622+556.51

Impact of enterprises of Ural mineral resource complex on water resources

Z. M. Bobrova, O. Yu. Il'ina, G. A. Studenok, E. M. Tseytlin

The article discusses the negative impact of mining and metallurgical enterprises of the Middle and South Urals on water resources. Authors define characteristic pollutants for mineral resources complex, including ferrous, nonferrous metallurgy and mining enterprises of building materials. Authors also show the information about water pollution contaminants, including metals, nitrogen compounds, sulfates, manganese and other substances. The article describes main causes of pollution and measures to reduce the negative impact. The article also shows information about the excesses of the concentration of pollutants on maximum allowable concentration and quality of surface water for the Southern and Middle Urals and gives characterization for many rivers by a high degree of contamination. The article deals with measures to reduce the negative impact on the water resources of the Urals, which in 2014 planned and (or) have implemented the largest mining and metallurgical enterprises in the region, such as Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Compa- ny, Uchalinsky Mining and Processing integrated works, Uralasbest, Gayskiy Mining and Processing integrated works, Sibayskiy Mining and Processing integrated works, Nizhny Tagil Metallurgical Company. Authors provide information about the level of funding for these activities. In summary, environmental engineering on water resources which is based on culling component of value and on using current topographic features (i.e. coffins) stays as an actual problem for Ural enterprises. These questions need a timely solution for reducing neg- ative impact on surface of the water body.

Keywords: water resources; pollutants; the negative impact of drainage water; wastewater; environmental protection measures.

 

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