УДК 502/504+523.6+552.6 https://doi.org/10.21440/2307-2091-2019-1-88-95 

S. G. Panyak, S. A. Degtyarev / News of the Ural State Mining University. 2019. Issue 1(53), pp. 88-95


Relevance of the work. The introduction of new tools into astronomical practice allowed us to see several the so-called “asteroids approaching the Earth”, which actually pose a threat to humanity. The genetic nature of these cosmic bodies can be determined only by cumulative analysis of astronomical and geological data.
Purpose of the work: comparison of the latest achievements of astronomical science in this area with the advances of planetary geology and subsequent genetic configurations.
Research methodology. In this paper, the correct analysis of theories, hypotheses and assumptions existing in the mentioned subdisciplines using mathematical modeling was carried out. On this basis, for example, inconsistency of the theory of the meteoritic origin of the Earth was proved, as well as some other hypotheses as a result of a heavy-handed approach of astronomers and geologists to this issue.
Results. The combination of astronomical and geological data suggests that asteroids, comets and meteorites are a single genetic family formed as a result of the explosion of the Phaethon planet at the site of the present asteroid belt. The debris of the equatorial regions of the planet (asteroids and meteorites) were thrown mainly into the ecliptic plane of the solar system and produced the “Late Heavy Bombardment” 3.9 billion years ago. At the same time, the polar “caps” of the frozen gases of the planet flew away in a plane perpendicular to the ecliptic plane and formed comets. The causes of the explosion are linked to the modern concept of the “hydride” Earth model by V. N. Larin.
Conclusions The material composition of meteorites, asteroids and comets does not differ from the deep-seated rocks of the Earth. Thus, they are a product of planetary evolution, and not the planet’s industrial mineral. In all likelihood, global perturbations that are fixed by significant reductions in the biota of the Earth do not depend on the movement of the Solar system through the spirals of our Galaxy. According to modern astronomical data, the Solar System is located between two Perseus arms and rotates synchronously with them. Humanity begin to realize the urgent need to prepare for potential space threats. The possibilities of the explosion of asteroids and comets at the moment of approach, the correction of their trajectory, laser exposure, etc. are considered. However, success in these extremely complicated and time-consuming projects can only be achieved by combining the efforts of the entire human community.

Keywords: asteroids, meteorites, comets, space disaster, geochronological scale, the early evolution of the Earth.



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