УДК 35; 316


T. A. Lebedeva/ News of the Ural State Mining University. 2019. Issue 2(54), pp. 159-165

Relevance of the work: The relevance of improving the methodology and principles of system monitoring of forested areas in industrial regions is to reflect more fully the social significance of the natural-resource potential of forest land, which undergoes a significant transformation during industrial development of the territory, including the development of subsoil resources.
The purpose of the study is to improve the methodology of system monitoring of forested areas in industrial regions of the Urals in accordance with the current situation of environmentally sustainable development of the territory. The system monitoring methodology is based on the concept of environmentally sustainable development of territories (biotic regulation of the environment), taking into account spatial and long-term effects, mathematical modeling of natural objects, phenomena, and processes, combining information collection and processing procedures with forecast and decision-making algorithms. Results and their application. The functions of system monitoring of forested areas are considered: monitoring of the state of forested areas fixes changes in the parameters of forest resources, environment-forming, and environmental functions; monitoring of use – monitoring of target and functional use, trends and dynamics of the use of natural resource potential; monitoring forecasting – the formation of models of natural objects, phenomena and processes. The main scientific and technological principles of system monitoring of forested areas in industrial regions are outlined: fixation and collection of indicators, their accumulation, and systematization, presentation of information in accordance with the characteristics of forested areas (classifier of such sites), forecasting changes in the parameters of forested areas in industrial regions. The possible types of reafforestation shifts of growing stock on forested areas in industrial regions are established.
The results of a comprehensive environmental and economic assessment are given according to the system monitoring of cover crop (forests) whithin the territory of the Sobstvenno-Kachkanarsky iron ore deposit, which ought to be radically transformed (clearance of growing stock).

Keywords: industrial regions, system monitoring, methodology, scientific and technological principles, natural objects, environmental functions, environmental and economic assessment.

This paper was prepared with the support and within the framework of the The Russian Foundation for Basic Research grant No 17-06-00433.



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