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Specific nature of proprietorship for environmental assets

M. N. Ignat'eva, V. G. Loginov, V. V. Balashenko, M. S. Kubarev


УДК 338.2:502   https://doi.org/10.21440/2307-2091-2018-3-142-149


M. N. Ignat'eva et al. / News of the Ural State Mining University 3 (2018) 142-149


The effectiveness of state regulation of nature management largely depends on the clarity of the definition of proprietorship for environmental assets.
Purpose of the study is to determine the specific nature of proprietorship for environmental assets and the possibility of changes in the legal mechanism.
The specific nature of proprietorship in relation to natural resources is due to their duality. On the one hand, they are components of the environment, on the other hand, they are objects of management. There are some features that differentiate natural resources from those of the social sphere. Firstly, they are regarded as the national wealth of a country to which human labor is not applied, that is, as a public property. The multi-aspect of proprietorship of agricultural land are noted, as well as the features of public property for resources of traditional natural resource use. The second aspect concerns the economic valuation of natural resources and, accordingly, national wealth.
Methodological approaches to economic evaluation are numerous today in the absence of a generally recognized methodological basis. The specific nature of proprietorship also determines the property of the inseparability of natural resources from the natural environment and the sign of materialization, which excludes the right of ownership to the atmospheric air, climatic conditions, etc., although the task of establishing ownership of eco services has become more urgent in recent times. Particular attention is paid to restrictive conditions when using natural resources, which should
form and control their implementation as the owner of these resources. Recommendations are formulated regarding the establishment of ownership of ecosystem services, which can be used to solve this problem at the state level. Specification of legal relations in terms of natural resources and environmental services contributes to improving the efficiency of state regulation of nature management.

Keywords: law and types of property, institution, legal regime, state, natural resources, specific features, possession, use, disposal.

The publication was prepared with the financial support of the RAS Ural branch Program, project No. 18-6-7-42 “Socio-economic development of the Arctic zone of the Urals: potential opportunities, priorities and prospects for spatial development”.



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