Comprehensive analysis on the situation and path of cross-border. Labour migration in Northeast Asia

ISSN 2307-2091 (Print) 

ISSN 2500-2414 (Online)

 

Li Ning / News of the Ural State Mining University. 2021. Issue 1(61), pp. 127-133

https://doi.org/10.21440/2307-2091-2021-1-127-133

 

Research Purpose: Analyzing the development trend of cross-border labour migration in Northeast Asia.
Research Methods: Exerting cross-subject research methods like comparative research, statistical research and
international politics combined with regional politics.
Research Content. Northeast Asian area is one of the most dynamic economic zones in the world, regional crossborder
labour migration employment is becoming more active than before. the disparity between the level of
economic development, population and labour structure, so that countries in this region have a strong supplydemand
complementarity. Enhancing cooperation of cross-border labour in Northeast Asia is conducive to further
improving the level of economic exchange and cooperation in Northeast Asia. It is of great significance and practical
basis for countries to strengthen the development and cooperation of labor resources. China, as the biggest developing
country, meanwhile is the major labour exporting and importing country, expanding cross-border labour cooperation
with countries in Northeast Asia will have a positive effect on promoting the development and utilization of human
resources in China and improving employment and social management policies. How to grasp the opportunities in
foreign labor service cooperation and avoid potential risks is a test of Chinese wisdom.
Conclusion. China should be well prepared in four aspects when dealing with cross-border labour cooperation in
Northeast Asia. Establishing regional cooperation scheme and management security system; Setting up a linkage
mechanism for foreign management of expatriate labor, protection and privileges protection from a micro perspective.
Cultivating high quality labour resources and improving recruitment of high-tech experts. Discovering the potential
of service trade and upgrading the level of cooperation is conducive to the export of high skilled labor force.

Keywords: Northeast Asia, labour, cross-border migration, situation and path.

 

REFERENCES

1. Central Bank of Korea. http://www.bok.or.kr
2. Chen Jian. 2014, Market Competitiveness in Different Countries and Evolution Trend of China’s Service Trade Development. International
Economic and Trade Exploration, no. 3, pp. 21–31.
3. According to the World Bank Database, the Total Population of the World will be 7.674 Billion in 2019. https://data.worldbank.org.cn
4. Tao Tao, Aging. 2019, Path Comparison with the Original Point in Various Countries and its Economic and Social Impact in Different Countries.
Population Research, no. 9, pp. 28–42.
5. World Bank Database data, different countries’ development index. https://data.worldbank.org.cn
6. Li Qirong, Shen Fengjie. 2010, Transnational Immigration and East Asian Modernization: a Case Study of China, Japan and South Korea.
Social Sciences, no. 5, pp. 21–30.
7. The Employment Situation of Foreigners in Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. https://www.mhlw.go.jp/index.html
8. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea. http://www.mofa.go.kr
9. China Foreign Labor Cooperation Development Report 2017–2018, Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China, China International
Contractors Association.
10. Sun Zhengmin. 2020, Review of Korean Labor Market in 2019. International Engineering and Labor, no. 3, pp. 44–47.
11. According to the data of IFS database of IMF and WDI database of World Bank, the unemployment rate of Russia from 2010 to 2017 was
above 5%, and that of 2018 and 2019 were 4.8% and 4.6%, respectively, showing a downward trend.
12. According to the data released by Russian Far East and Arctic Development Ministry.
13. Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the People’s Republic of China. https://www.mct.gov.cn
14. National Bureau of Statistics of Mongolia. http://www.en.nso.mn
15. Foreign Investment Cooperation Country (Region) Guide, Russia 2019 Edition, Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China.
16. Li Jianqiang, Zhao Xiliang. 2018, Does “made in China” Still Have a Labor Cost Advantage? Statistical Research, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 22–31.
https://doi.org/10.19343/j.cnki.11-1302/c.2018.01.003
17. Employment Situation of foreigners in Ministry of health and labor of Japan. https://www.mhlw.go.jp/index.html
18. Ji Jianquan. 2017, Current situation of foreign labor management in Russia and analysis of Sino Russian labor cooperation. Siberian research,
no. 43, pp. 29–34.
19. Cheng Duowen. 2019, A study on the rights and interests of Chinese skilled interns in Japan from the perspective of “immigration system”.
Historical studies of overseas Chinese people, no. 6, pp. 51–58.
20. Russia’s introduction of high-level experts is not suitable for quota requirements, and can obtain multiple work visa for three years based on
the employer’s invitation. The main standard is that the annual salary level shall not be less than 2 million rubles (about 29000 US dollars). The
Ministry of Commerce of the people’s Republic of China, Guidelines for foreign investment and cooperation countries (regions) Russia 2019 Edition.

The article was received on December 24, 2020

Лицензия Creative Commons
All articles posted on the site are available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Global License.